You may need a permit or approval from the Division of Land Pollution Control of the Bureau of Land if you manage municipal or industrial waste. The type of permit you may need, if any, is dependent on: (1) the type of waste you manage; (2) how you manage the waste; and (3) where you manage the waste in relation to where it is generated. More information about the need for a permit from the Division of Land Pollution Control can be found at the following link:
Several wastes generated/managed in the State of Illinois (mainly by industry) have been determined to meet the definition of a hazardous waste and must be managed under Subtitle C of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). The regulations governing the proper management of hazardous waste are set forth in 35 IAC 700-739. Permits from the Division of Land Pollution Control are needed for facilities which treat, store, or dispose of hazardous waste.
A substantial amount of waste generated/managed in the State of Illinois is not a hazardous waste; such waste includes municipal waste, landscape waste, potentially infectious waste, construction/demolition debris, and waste generated by industry that does not meet the definition of hazardous waste mentioned above. Permits from the Division of Land Pollution Control are needed for the composting, storage, transfer, treatment of disposal of these wastes when these activities occur at a location other than place where the waste was generated.
Underground Injection Control (UIC) Wells are wells used to inject various wastes into a selected geologic formation beneath the surface of the Earth. Injection of industrial or municipal wastes into a UIC well is considered to be a form of disposal, as the waste is injected into a portion of the subsurface of the Earth. Since groundwater is a major source of drinking water in the United States, the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 established the UIC Program to prevent contamination of any groundwater resulting from the operation of injection wells.
In certain instances, materials that would otherwise be a waste can be used in a beneficial manner. The Division of Land Pollution Control is involved in approving or monitoring the following types of such activities: