This document is for general information only and is not intended to replace, interpret, or modify laws, rules, and regulations.
A dry cleaning facility can contaminate soil or groundwater with hazardous chemicals used in dry cleaning. Such a situation can create a danger to the environment or public health. Some of the reasons to clean up these hazardous chemicals in a timely manner are:
The Site Remediation Program (SRP) is an Illinois EPA program where participants may voluntarily clean up hazardous chemicals at dry cleaning facilities with Illinois EPA oversight.
Under the SRP, the Illinois EPA provides oversight services at such cleanups. This includes the issuance of a No Further Remediation (NFR) Letter after the cleanup is performed satisfactorily.
Steps required to clean up a site under the SRP are:
Typical areas where hazardous chemicals may be present at a dry cleaning facility include:
Hazardous chemicals are also found in these wastes generated by the dry cleaning facility:
Typical hazardous chemicals found at dry cleaning facilities are:
These chemicals can breakdown further into other hazardous chemicals that also have special handling requirements.
Ultimately, the site investigation should characterize the extent and concentration of hazardous chemicals in the dry cleaning property's soil and groundwater.
The Tiered Approach to Corrective Action Objectives (TACO) is the methodology that the SRP uses for developing site-specific, risk-based remediation objectives (i.e., cleanup levels). TACO takes into account the extent and concentration of hazardous chemicals, the possibility of people inhaling or ingesting the hazardous chemicals, and current and future use of the property.
TACO uses a three-tiered approach for establishing remediation objectives. Each successive tier allows more information to be used to develop remediation objectives (along with a more comprehensive site investigation and analysis).
After remediation objectives are established using the TACO procedures, a dry cleaner may:
If a cleanup is conducted where contaminated soil or groundwater is generated as a waste, RCRA regulations may apply. Generators must classify the waste generated. If the waste is determined to be hazardous, it must be managed in accordance with RCRA requirements.
Examples on how property conditions can affect the selection of cleanup levels and suitable actions are provided in the TACO fact sheet 12: Dry Cleaning.
Upon approval of a report that documents the cleanup and shows that the remediation objectives have been achieved, the Illinois EPA will issue a NFR Letter to the dry cleaner. To be effective, the NFR Letter must be recorded with the Office of the Recorder in the county in which the site is located.
Yes. All SRP site activities and report preparation must be conducted by, or under the general supervision of a person licensed in Illinois to practice as a profession engineer.
Some things to consider in selecting a LPE:
The Illinois General Assembly created the Drycleaner Environmental Response Trust Fund to establish:
The Fund is financed by three sources:
The Drycleaner Environmental Response Trust Fund Council, appointed by the Governor, will be responsible for managing the Fund and related activities (e.g., reimburse claimants, adopt rules, issue dry-cleaning facility licenses). The Fund will be solely managed by the Council, therefore the Illinois EPA can not provide any assistance with Fund-related activities (e.g., reimbursements).
Any questions regarding any aspect of the Fund, including what types of benefits are available and how to qualify for reimbursement, should be directed to the Fund Administrator at the telephone number listed at the end of this fact sheet.
In an effort to encourage redevelopment of properties that have actual or perceived contamination, several tax credits have been created to assist in these cleanups. Both federal and state tax credit programs exist, as well as a Cook County tax credit. These programs have specific eligibility requirements and reimbursement amounts, and these rules differ from program to program.
Voluntary Site Remediation Unit
Remediation Project Management Section
Illinois EPA-Bureau of Land
Illinois EPA - Bureau of Land
Watch Your Perc! fact sheet
Illinois EPA - Office of Small Business
Waste and Emission Reduction Alternatives for Dry Cleaners fact sheet
Illinois EPA - Office of Pollution Prevention
How to Select an Environmental Consultant book
Office of Small Business
Williams and Company, Fund Administrator
1-800-765-4041 ext. 2164